A Colorado Concealed Handgun Permit authorizes the holder to carry a concealed handgun in all areas of the state (Colorado only) except those specified by state or federal law.
It is specific to handguns only.
A Colorado permit is also recognized by the states listed here.
This site is a good (but not legally binding) summary of the state laws that pertain to firearms.
Before (and as) you travel, you need to check reciprocity to confirm that your permit is valid for each state you travel thru. Regardless of your permit status, your firearm and method of carry must be legal for each state in which you carry it during your travels.
If you are visiting Colorado please be aware that Colorado does not recognize permits issued to people who are not residents of the state which issued the permit.
As an example, if you are a California resident who has a non-resident permit issued by the state of Utah, that permit would not be valid in Colorado.